When we were in California we dropped by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) which had a fashion exhibit showcasing textiles and costumes from the 18th to 20th century. It was meant to educate visitors about fashion trends, so the exhibit was divided into sections about silhouettes, techniques, and textiles. You can see the museum catalog book at Amazon. It's called Fashioning Fashion: European Dress in Detail 1700-1915.
Here are some of my favorites:
Here's the full album:
This other blogger though had a better camera than I, so therefore better and more detailed photos.